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Racial Profiling Statistics

Press Release

Contact
Eric J. Guenther
Chief of Police
847-968-3775

For Immediate Release

Mundelein Police Department Outlines Compliance Plan with Mandatory Racial Profiling Law

Mundelein, IL—06/18/15— Effective January 1, 2004, it became mandatory for all police departments in Illinois to record specific data pertaining to race from every traffic stop (commonly referred to as the Racial Profiling law).  The law requires this data to be transmitted to the Illinois Department of Transportation for collection and analysis.  The Illinois Department of Transportation publishes their annual report every summer.  Because of the limited scope of data required to be collected, this report could generate many questions.

The report, generated from traffic stop data submitted to the Illinois Department of Transportation and analyzed by University of Illinois at Chicago, is being compared to city and county census data identifying the racial makeup of our community.  The 2010 census indicates the Village of Mundelein has a reported 41.7% minority population.  “The obvious flaw in using this type of census data is there is no statistical correlation when comparing the ratio of minority drivers stopped versus non-minority drivers.  Mundelein roads are populated by vehicles driven from all over northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin,” explains Eric Guenther, Mundelein Police Chief.

“To better understand these reports and get a clearer representation of the racial makeup of drivers on our roads, it was necessary to develop additional internal benchmarks.  For example, we have captured the racial background of all at-fault drivers involved in crashes occurring in Mundelein.  Since Mundelein residents are not the only drivers involved in crashes occurring in Mundelein, we get a better picture of who is using our roads,” Guenther continues.

In 2014, there were 1,089 crashes reported to our department.  Most crashes occur because of specific driving behaviors; therefore, an assumption can be made those same drivers will continue to exhibit the same unsafe driving habits causing them to be stopped by a police officer.

The following is the racial makeup of all at-fault drivers:

RACE

NUMBER

PERCENTAGE

White

672

62.63%

African American

25

2.33%

Hispanic

240

22.37%

Asian

40

3.73%

Native American

1

0.09%

Unknown *

95

8.85%

*The law does not allow police officers to ask an individual his or her race. According to the law, police officers must make an “educated guess” concerning the driver’s racial background.  Unknown is selected when race is not easily identifiable or in the case of a hit-and-run crash.

“In addition to the benchmarks mentioned above, we have also looked at the racial makeup of traffic crash data for “not at-fault drivers” and all drivers involved in crashes,” Guenther said.

In 2014, the Mundelein Police Department initiated 8,536 vehicle traffic stops.  White drivers were stopped 5,500 times representing 64.43% of all traffic stops.  Non-white drivers were stopped 3,036 times representing 35.57% of all traffic stops.  Comparing the 2010 census data of 41.7% minority residents to 35.57% minority drivers actually stopped; there is no statistical disparity.  As in previous years, approximately two out of three drivers stopped in 2014 were white.

IDOT also requests data on consent searches.  Out of the 8,536 traffic stops, the Mundelein Police Department requested permission to conduct a consent search 253 times or 2.96% of the total traffic stops.  Permission to search was granted on 197 or 2.30% of the stops and consent searches were performed 179 times or 2.09%.

Consent Searches:

 

STOPS

CONSENT REQUEST

SEARCH PERFORMED

CONTRABAND FOUND

White Drivers

5,500

138 or 2.51%

98 or 90.74%

22 or 22.45%

Non-White Drivers

3,036

115 or 3.79%

81 or 91.01%

14 or 17.28%

Six other types of searches are performed: reasonable suspicion, probable cause, incident to arrest, custodial arrest, drug-dog alerts, and inventory.

The State of Illinois does not have a category for the Middle Eastern minority group and has directed departments to include with White statistics.  To give a complete picture of the racial makeup, we track that group separately – the following is a complete breakdown by race:

RACE

2014

2013

 

STOPS

% of All

STOPS

% OF All

White

5,162

60.48%

4,574

61.08%

Middle Eastern

338

3.95%

377

5.03%

TOTAL WHITE

5,500

64.43%

4,951

66.11%

 

African American

363

4.25%

354

4.73%

Native American

3

0.04%

2

0.03%

Hispanic

2,016

23.62%

1,582

21.13%

Asian

644

7.54%

593

7.92%

Native Hawaiian

10

0.12%

6

.08%

TOTAL NON-WHITE

3,036

35.57%

2,537

33.86%

 

TOTAL ALL

8,536

100%

7,488

100%

The 2010 census data shows a minority population of 41.7%, which closely mirrors the above traffic stop percentages.

“After reviewing the above statistics utilizing the IDOT benchmark, our internal benchmarks and comparing 2013 data with 2014 data, I am happy to report that there is no evidence of racial profiling by the Mundelein Police Department,” Guenther concludes.

As stated in the attached public statement and letter which was sent to all residents in 2001 regarding the topic of racial profiling:

The members of the Mundelein Police Department reject racial profiling as a law enforcement tactic, and we will not encourage, tolerate, or condone its use by any of our members.  We are committed to sound practices of bias-free policing based on reasonable suspicion, probable cause, and use of good discretion.  Our purpose is to create the safest atmosphere for our customers (citizens of the community), promote and foster a positive working relationship with the community, and treat all individuals with dignity and respect.  We are partners with the community that we serve and will act as a guardian of the people’s rights.

Please do not hesitate to contact Chief Eric Guenther at 847-949-3775 with additional questions or more information.

 

 

 

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