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MPD Outlines Compliance Plan with Mandatory Racial Profiling Law

Press Release

Contact
Eric J. Guenther
Chief of Police
847-968-3775

For Immediate Release

Mundelein Police Department Outlines Compliance Plan with Mandatory Racial Profiling Law

Mundelein, IL— 06/06/17 — Effective January 1, 2004, it became mandatory for all police departments in Illinois to record specific data pertaining to race from every traffic stop (commonly referred to as the racial profiling law).  The law requires this data to be transmitted to the Illinois Department of Transportation for collection and analysis.  The Illinois Department of Transportation publishes their annual report every summer.  Because of the limited scope of data required to be collected, this report could generate many questions. 

The report generated from traffic stop data submitted to the Illinois Department of Transportation and analyzed by University of Illinois at Chicago is being compared to city and county census data identifying the racial makeup of our community.  The 2010 census indicates the Village of Mundelein has a reported 41.7% minority population.  The obvious flaw in using this type of census data is there is no statistical correlation when comparing the ratio of minority drivers stopped versus non-minority drivers.  Mundelein roads are populated by vehicles driven from all over northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin.

To better understand these reports and get a clearer representation of the racial makeup of drivers on our roads, it was necessary to develop additional internal benchmarks.  For example, we have captured the racial background of all at-fault drivers involved in crashes occurring in Mundelein.  Since Mundelein residents are not the only drivers involved in crashes occurring in Mundelein, we get a better picture of who is using our roads.

In 2016, there were 1,335 crashes reported to our department.  Most crashes occur because of specific driving behaviors; therefore, an assumption can be made those same drivers will continue to exhibit the same unsafe driving habits causing them to be stopped by a police officer. 

The following is the racial makeup of all at-fault drivers:

RACE

NUMBER

PERCENTAGE

White

624

49.21%

African American

42

3.31%

Hispanic

249

19.64%

Asian

50

3.94%

Native American

1

0.08%

Unknown *

302

23.82%

TOTAL AT FAULT DRIVERS

1,268

 

*The law does not allow police officers to ask an individual his or her race. According to the law, police officers must make an “educated guess” concerning the driver’s racial background.  Unknown is selected when race is not easily identifiable or in the case of a hit-and-run crash.

In addition to the benchmarks mentioned above, we have also looked at the racial makeup of traffic crash data for “not at-fault drivers” and all drivers involved in crashes.

In 2016, the Mundelein Police Department initiated 9,758 vehicle traffic stops.  White drivers were stopped 5,700 times representing 58.41% of all traffic stops.  Non-white drivers were stopped 4,058 times representing 41.59% of all traffic stops.  Comparing the 2010 census data of 41.7% minority residents to 41.59% minority drivers actually stopped; there is no statistical disparity.  As in previous years, approximately two out of three drivers stopped in 2016 were white.

IDOT also requests data on consent searches.  Out of the 9,758 traffic stops, the Mundelein Police Department requested permission to conduct a consent search 221 times or 2.26% of the total traffic stops.  Permission to search was granted on 191 or 1.96% of the stops and consent searches were actually performed 175 times or 1.79% of the total traffic stops. 

Consent Searches:

 

STOPS

CONSENT REQUEST

CONSENT GRANTED

SEARCH PERFORMED

CONTRABAND FOUND

White Drivers

5,700

99 or 1.74%

83 or 83.84%

72 or 72.73%

28 or 28.28%

Non-White Drivers

4,058

122 or 3.01%

108 or 88.52%

103 or 84.43%

35 or 28.68%

Six other types of searches are performed: reasonable suspicion, probable cause, incident to arrest, custodial arrest, drug-dog alerts, and inventory.

The State of Illinois does not have a category for the Middle Eastern minority group and has directed departments to include with White statistics.  The following is a complete breakdown by race: 

RACE

2015

2016

 

STOPS

% of All

STOPS

% OF All

White

4,769

55.94%

5,700

58.41%

TOTAL WHITE

5,045

59.18%

5,700

58.41%

 

African American

440

5.17%

508

5.21%

American Indian

10

0.11%

19

0.19%

Hispanic

2,410

28.27%

2,952

30.25%

Asian

609

7.14%

554

5.68%

Native Hawaiian

11

0.13%

25

0.26%

TOTAL NON-WHITE

3,480

40.82%

4,058

41.58%

 

TOTAL ALL

8,525

100%

9,758

100%

The 2010 census data shows a minority population of 41.7%, which closely mirrors the above traffic stop percentages.

After reviewing the above statistics utilizing the IDOT benchmark, our internal benchmarks and comparing 2015 data with 2016 data, it is clear that there is no evidence of racial profiling by the Mundelein Police Department.  As stated in the attached public statement and letter which was sent to all residents in 2001 regarding the topic of racial profiling: 

The members of the Mundelein Police Department reject racial profiling as a law enforcement tactic, and we will not encourage, tolerate, or condone its use by any of our members.  We are committed to sound practices of bias-free policing based on reasonable suspicion, probable cause, and use of good discretion.  Our purpose is to create the safest atmosphere for our customers (citizens of the community), promote and foster a positive working relationship with the community, and treat all individuals with dignity and respect.  We are partners with the community that we serve and will act as a guardian of the people’s rights.

 

 

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